ecology of soil microorganisms 2020

2021年1月17日

This article is part of the theme issue 'Conceptual challenges in microbial community ecology'. It is particularly concerned with the cycling of nutrients, formation and stabilization of the pore structure, the spread and vitality of pathogens, and the biodiversity of … Although it is generally accepted that the heterogeneity of soil underpins the emergence and maintenance of microbial diversity, the profound and far-reaching consequences that heterogeneity can have on many aspects of microbial ecology and activity have yet to be fully apprehended and have not been fully integrated into our understanding of microbial functioning. Belowground (soil) ecology and its importance for plant population and community dynamics, and ecosystem functioning, is now a major theme in the Journal of Ecology.To celebrate the launch of the “State of Knowledge on Soil Biodiversity” report and World Soil Day 2020, we have put together a selection of papers published in the Journal of Ecology over the last year that have such a … We declare we have no competing interests. The soil is also host to a wide variety of much smaller creatures, including insects, worms and bacteria. The microbial ecology of soils has the potential to answer multiple questions that not only advance our basic understanding of ecological principles, but are also relevant for the present focal areas of the anthropogenic effects, ecosystem productivity and other applied subjects.  |  NIH Soil ecology is the study of the interactions among soil biology, and between biotic and abiotic aspects of the soil environment. Methods for Studying the Ecology of Soil Microorganisms Edited by D. Parkinson, T. R. G. Gray, and S. T. Williams. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. mBio. Given the effects of environmental changes (e.g., climate change and human effect) on the diversity of animals and plants, effects on soil bacterial diversity are expected; however, they have been poorly evaluated to date. 13602 | www.ecolevol.org Ecology and Evolution.2020;10:13602–13612. Island biogeography of soil bacteria and fungi: similar patterns, but different mechanisms Shao-peng Li1,2,3 Pandeng Wang 1,4 Yongjian Chen4 Maxwell C. Wilson5 Xian Yang 1 Chao Ma6 Jianbo Lu7 Xiao-yong Chen2,8 Jianguo Wu5 Wen-sheng Shu9 Lin Jiang 1 Received: 7 January 2020 / Revised: 27 February 2020 / Accepted: 2 April 2020 Vol. By applying the copiotroph–oligotroph concept to soil microorganisms we can make specific predictions about the ecological attributes of various bacterial taxa and better understand the structure and function of soil bacterial communities. degradation pathways; heterogeneity; soil C dynamics; spatial model; trade-off. In the soils of rice paddies, methane is produced by single-cell organisms called archaea. Author information: (1)Sorbonne Université, CNRS, IRD, INRA, P7, UPEC, Institute of Ecology and Environmental Sciences-Paris, 4 … Microb Ecol. In this study, we used metagenomic and biogeochemical approaches to study the microbial communities in 16 physicochemically diverse mountainous and glacial soils from remote sites in South Victoria Land, … Print 2017 Aug 15. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2020 96:fiaa016, https://academic.oup.com/femsec/article/96/3/fiaa016/5721238. The third Ecology of Soil Microorganisms (ESM3) conference was held in Helsinki, Finland, in June 2018. The importance of soil phosphorus (P) is likely to increase in coming decades due to the growing atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition originated by industrial and agricultural activities. The meeting on Ecology of Soil Microorganisms: Microbes as Important Drivers of Soil Processes was held in Prague, Czech Republic on 27 April–1 May 2011. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error. Epub 2011 Dec 23. van der Putten WH, Klironomos JN, Wardle DA. Soil microorganisms have a profound effect on the transformations involved in a large number of biogeochemical cycles other than carbon (C) and nitrogen (N), such as the macronutrients phosphorus (P) and sulfur (S), and various micronutrients and environmental pollutants. 2006 Jun;17(6):1129-32. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2020, 96:fiaa108, https://academic.oup.com/femsec/article/96/7/fiaa108/5849001, Speaker 2: Amanda Black, Bio-Protection Research Centre, Lincoln University, Lincoln, New Zealand Author of: A-K Byers, L Condron, T Donavan, M O’Callaghan, T Patuawa, N Waipara, A Black. 2020. Dates: 17 – 21 June 2018 Theme: Digging deeper Location: Helsinki, Finland We are pleased to welcome you to the third conference on the Ecology of Soil Microorganisms to be held in Helsinki, Finland in June 2018. 19. Linking Microbial Community Structure to Trait Distributions and Functions Using Salinity as an Environmental Filter. : Flemming Ekelund, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Author of: T Bang-Andreasen, MZ Anwar, A Lanzén, R Kjøller, R Rønn, F Ekelund, CS Jacobsen. More information: Kriti Sharma et al, Transparent soil microcosms for live-cell imaging and non-destructive stable isotope probing of soil microorganisms, eLife (2020). This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Received: 1 August 2020 | Accepted: 29 September 2020 DOI: 10.1002/ece3.6965 REVIEW ARTICLE Effect of soil microorganisms and labile C availability on soil doi: 10.1128/mBio.01607-19. Conceptual challenges in microbial community ecology. Together, they make up a web of life with its own food chain. Phylogenetic and Functional Diversity of Total (DNA) and Expressed (RNA) Bacterial Communities in Urban Green Infrastructure Bioswale Soils. Better understanding of the connection between aboveground plant communities and belowground soil organisms and processes has led to an explosion in recent research on the applications of this link to the field of ecological restoration. Fan Yang, Junjun Wu, Dandan Zhang, Qiong Chen, Qian Zhang, Xiaoli Cheng, Soil bacterial community composition and diversity in relation to edaphic properties and plant traits in grasslands of southern China, Applied Soil Ecology, 10.1016/j.apsoil.2018.04.001, 128, (43-53), (2018). This event is part of a series of webinars being developed by FEMS and in partnership with Oxford University Press. Appl Environ Microbiol. However, in contrast with the considerable knowledge on the island biogeography of higher organisms, we know little about the distribution of microorganisms within and among islands. Epub 2020 Mar 23. The ecology of heterogeneity: soil bacterial communities and C dynamics. Yet the majority (estimates of up to ~80%) of these microorganisms are in a state of non-growth or dormancy for extended periods of time 1. COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Roland Wilhelm, a postdoctoral associate in Buckley’s lab, was the paper’s first author. Microbial Ecology is a dedicated international forum for the presentation of high-quality scientific investigations of how microorganisms interact with their environment, with each other and with their hosts. Image credit: Dagmar Woebken, Stephanie A. Eichorst. eLife , 2020; 9 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.56275 Cite This Page : Research is only beginning to have the capacity to link soil organisms and specific ecosystem functions. USA.gov. Knowledge of soil organism ecology, behaviour and population dynamics has persistently lagged that of above‐ground organisms (Eisenhauer et al., 2017). 2 (2020) Soil biodiversity and agricultural impact, soil sterilization, soil biodiversity protection, polyester and decomposition rates Published: 2020-08-01 Winogradsky (1856–1953) is recognized as the founder of soil microbiology for his contributions to nitrification, anaerobic N 2 fixation, sulfur oxidation, and microbial autotrophy. HHS Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. Transparent soil microcosms for live-cell imaging and non-destructive stable isotope probing of soil microorganisms. Epub 2020 Mar 23.  |  Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. CiteScore values are based on citation counts in a range of four years (e.g. 2020 May 11;375(1798):20190241. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2019.0241. Modeling microbial dynamics in heterogeneous environments: growth on soil carbon sources. Microbial ecology of biological invasions. The Editors of Applied Soil Ecology would like to show appreciation to all researchers, practitioners and decision-makers dealing with soil with the upcoming World Soil Day 2020. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2020, 96:fiaa047, https://academic.oup.com/femsec/article/96/5/fiaa047/5808812, Speaker 3: Flemming Ekelund, Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Author of: T Bang-Andreasen, MZ Anwar, A Lanzén, R Kjøller, R Rønn, F Ekelund, CS Jacobsen. FEMS - Federation of European Microbiological Societies, FEMS Microbiology Ecology Webinar on Ecology of Soil Microorganisms. Soil Microorganisms. A new study shows that transparent soil substitutes can be used to replicate the interactions of bacteria and fungi in soil, opening up a new approach to learning how soil microbes contribute to a healthy ecosystem. Finally, we present a simple, spatially explicit model that can be used to understand how the interactions between decomposers and environmental heterogeneity affect the bacterial decomposition of organic matter, suggesting that environmental heterogeneity might have important consequences on the variability of this process. potential to answer multiple questions that not only advance our basic understanding of ecological principles, but Nunan N(1), Schmidt H(2), Raynaud X(1). Warming and disturbance alter soil microbiome diversity and function in a northern forest ecotone. doi: 10.1128/AEM.00287-17. 2019 Jul 23;10(4):e01607-19. Microbes, similar to plants and animals, exhibit biogeographic patterns. Investigated soils in this study. In this contribution we first discuss how the heterogeneity of the soil microbial environment, and the consequent uncertainty associated with acquiring resources, may have affected how microbial metabolism, motility and interactions evolved and, ultimately, the overall microbial activity that is represented in ecosystem models, such as heterotrophic decomposition or respiration. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The previous two meetings organised in Prague in 2011 and 2015 attracted almost 500 participants from all over the world. Keywords: The […] The intensity of this process depends on the temperature of the environment and soil microorganisms. 2007 May;1(1):28-37. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2007.9. For more information, please read our, FEMS-Lwoff Award for Achievements in Microbiology, FEMS-ASM Mäkelä-Cassell Travel Award for Early Career Scientists, https://academic.oup.com/femsec/article/96/7/fiaa108/5849001, https://academic.oup.com/femsec/article/96/5/fiaa047/5808812, https://academic.oup.com/femsec/article/96/3/fiaa016/5721238. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. November 04, 2020 The image at left shows fungus grown in water; at right is fungus grown in a transparent soil system. Han Xu, Zeyou Chen, Xinyan Wu, Lin Zhao, Nan Wang, Daqing Mao, Hongqiang Ren, Yi Luo, Antibiotic contamination amplifies the impact of foreign antibiotic-resistant bacteria on soil bacterial community, Science of The Total Environment, 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143693, (143693), (2020). 2017 Aug 1;83(16):e00287-17. We use cookies to give you the best experience on our website. The conference, as well as this Thematic Issue, demonstrates that microbial ecology has the potential to answer multiple questions that not only advance our basic understanding of ecological principles, but are also relevant to other applied subjects. ISME J. Soil Ecology Letters (SEL) provides the rapid publication of original research articles of scientific significance that depict and explain ecological processes occurring in soil. Findings will help advance an important new paradigm in soil ecology – the importance of microscale processes and dynamics - and will carry fundamental implications for our ability to predict the response of soil microorganisms to environmental perturbations. CiteScore: 6.1 ℹ CiteScore: 2019: 6.1 CiteScore measures the average citations received per peer-reviewed document published in this title. Start studying 10 - Organisms & Ecology of Soil. Would you like email updates of new search results? A surprising diversity and abundance of microorganisms resides in the cold desert soils of Antarctica. NLM The metabolic processes that sustain them, however, are poorly understood. Soils harbor a diverse collection of microorganisms with estimates of 10 9-10 10 cells per gram of soil, and within that gram containing upwards of 1,000 species. 2012 May;63(4):883-97. doi: 10.1007/s00248-011-9965-x. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Soil microbial diversity in adjacent forest systems – contrasting native, old growth kauri (Agathis australis) forest with exotic pine (Pinus radiata) plantation forest. Heterogeneity is a fundamental property of soil that is often overlooked in microbial ecology.  |  It offers articles of original research in full paper and note formats, as well as brief reviews, commentaries and topical position papers. Understanding global soil bacterial diversity is important because of the key roles soil bacteria play in the global ecosystem. Soil is alive, and soil microorganisms are the driving force of elemental biogeochemical cycling and the bridge linking above- and below-ground ecosystem interactions. Join us for a webinar on the Ecology of Soil Microorganisms, featuring authors of recent papers in FEMS Microbiology Ecology with: Moderator: Max Häggblom, Editor-in-Chief of FEMS Microbiology Ecology, Speaker 1: Michael E Van Nuland, Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA Author of: ME Van Nuland, DP Smith, JM Bhatnagar, A Stefanski, SE Hobbie, PB Reich, KG Peay. Understanding how bacteria break down carbon in soil could hold the key to the sustainability of soil and the ability to predict the future of global climate. Measurements will be guided by and compared with theory developed within the projects. The analysis suggests that while there is a relationship between phylogenic affiliation and the catabolic range of soil bacterial taxa, there does not appear to be a trade-off between the 16S rRNA gene copy number, taken as a proxy of potential growth rate, of bacterial strains and the range of substrates that can be used. The effects of individual species on one another and on traits and behaviours that could affect their … We then present an analysis of predicted metabolic pathways for soil bacteria, obtained from the MetaCyc pathway/genome database collection (https://metacyc.org/). The meeting was organized as a specialized soil conference providing an interdisciplinary platform for microbiologists, ecologists and soil … 92 No. This chapter discusses soil microbiology, ecology, and biochemistry. Here, we explored insular soil bacterial and … Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Publisher Summary. 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