what is scientology

2021年1月17日

[358] According to Religious Studies professor Mary Farrell Benarowski, Scientology describes itself as drawing on science, religion, psychology and philosophy but "had been claimed by none of them and repudiated, for the most part, by all". Remini spoke about her split from the Church, saying that she still has friends within the organization whom she is no longer able to speak with.[260]. Worldwide estimates of Scientology's core practicing membership ranges between 100,000 and 200,000, mostly in the U.S., Europe, South Africa and Australia. He failed to return for the fall 1932 semester. Born out of this desire to help are the many social betterment activities Scientology supports. [328][329][330][331][332] On January 21, 2008, Anonymous announced its intentions via a video posted to YouTube entitled "Message to Scientology", and a press release declaring a "war" against the Church of Scientology and the Religious Technology Center. Scientology is a set of beliefs and practices invented by American author L. Ron Hubbard, and an associated movement. [116] David Miscavige emerged as the new head of the organization. Scientology is a confused concoction of crackpot, dangerously applied psychotherapy, oversimplified, idiotic and inapplicable rules and ideas and science-fiction drivel that is presented to its members (at the "advanced" levels) as profound spiritual truth. Scientology is a set of beliefs and practices invented by American author L. Ron Hubbard, and the subsequent movement which has … Scientology is best described as a New Religious Movement. Developed by L. Ron Hubbard, Scientology is a religion that offers a precise path leading to a complete and certain understanding of one’s true spiritual nature and one’s relationship to self, family, groups, Mankind, all life forms, the material universe, the spiritual universe and the Supreme Being. More complex studies include Roy Wallis's The Road to Total Freedom. After explaining these beliefs, the character representing the Church of Scientology's president ultimately reveals to Stan that the organization is in reality a money-making scam. "[418] Flinn further states that religion requires "beliefs in something transcendental or ultimate, practices (rites and codes of behavior) that re-inforce those beliefs and, a community that is sustained by both the beliefs and practices", all of which are present within Scientology. ", "Scientology: A History of Man | Bridge Publications, Inc", Complete List of Scientology and Dianetics Books and Materials of 1952, "The concept "salvation" in the Church of Scientology", "Religious Toleration & Religious Diversity", "Scientology's Relationship With Eastern Religious Traditions", "Is Scientology like hypnotism, meditation, psychotherapy or other mental therapies? Scientology does not preach or impose a particular idea of God on Scientologists. [citation needed], In April 1938, Hubbard reportedly reacted to a drug used in a dental procedure. The members have no clue. [206][207][208], The highest ranking people in the Scientology hierarchy are the members of the Sea Organization, or Sea Org. For more information about the processing of personal data, please consult our Privacy Policy. [143] David V. Barrett, a sociologist of religion who has written widely about the subject, says that according to Scientology, the "first major goal is to go Clear." 2013. vol. [454] According to the Encyclopedia of Community, Scientology "shows affinities with Buddhism and a remarkable similarity to first-century Gnosticism". Shelly Miscavige, wife of leader David Miscavige, who hasn't been seen in public since 2007, is said to be held at a CST compound in Twin Peaks, California. Hubbard established the policy in the 1950s, in response to criticism both from within and outside his organization. ", "Universal Passes on Paul Thomas Anderson's Scientology Movie", "Church of Scientology snaps up Hollywood film studio", "Will Scientologists Declare War on Paul Thomas Anderson's The Master? These teachings are kept secret from members who have not reached these levels. [409] As a rule, the great majority of members proceeds up the bridge in a steady rate commensurate with their income. [370] According to the Church of Scientology's version of events, the meeting was an opportunity for the organization to offer to end its long dispute with the IRS, including the dozens of suits brought against the agency, in exchange for the exemptions that Scientology believed it deserved. [101] The second local Church of Scientology to be set up, after the one in California, was in Auckland, New Zealand. The ruling ended a five-year legal battle by Scientologist Louisa Hodkin, who sought the legal right to marry at the Church of Scientology chapel in central London. [351][352][353][354] The organization is considered a cult in Chile and an "anticonstitutional sect" in Germany,[37] and is considered a cult (French secte) by some French public authorities. [268][269][270] In March 2016, the Church of Scientology was acquitted of all charges, and demands to close its Belgian branch and European headquarters were dismissed. [299] He said that he had been told members of the organization had coerced pregnant female employees to have abortions. [138][139] The reactive mind stores mental images which are not readily available to the analytical (conscious) mind; these are referred to as engrams. "[163] The Introspection Rundown came under public scrutiny after the death of Lisa McPherson in 1995. [58], In May 1950, Hubbard's Dianetics: The Evolution of a Science was published by pulp magazine Astounding Science Fiction. Scientology addresses the spirit—not the body or mind—and believes that Man is far more than a product of his environment, or his genes. Scientology is a movement based on a system of beliefs. ", "Anonymous hackers vow to "dismantle" Scientology", "The group Anonymous calls for protests outside Scientology centers – New on the Net", "Anonymous names 10 February as its day of action against Scientology", "Organizers Tout Scientology Protest, Plan Another", "Scientology protestors take action around world", "Dozens of masked protesters blast Scientology church", "Second round of Anonymous v Scientology", "Scientology Marriage Officers Approved in South Africa", "Decision of March 13, 2000 registering Scientology as a "religious community" in Sweden", "Opinion of the New Zealand Inland Revenue Department on the Charitable Status of Scientology", "2007 U.S. Department of State – 2007 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Portugal", "La Audiencia Nacional reconoce a la Cienciología como iglesia", "The Church of Scientology: In Pursuit of Legal Recognition", "Scientology suit on PR firm heads for trial", "Researching Scientology: Academic Premises, Promises, and Problematic", "The Religious Status of Scientology: Is Scientology a Religion? Hubbard was complaining of not being able to make a living on what he was being paid as a science fiction writer. [65] It was originally intended to be a new psychotherapy and was not expected to become the foundation for a new religion. The officer involved in this particular case of surveillance and harassment was suspended for six months. Hubbard contributed until his death in 1986. They really would have preferred the rest of us not to know about Xenu and the galactic federation. These two triangles are present in the Scientology symbol. [68] Rutgers scholar Beryl Satter says that "there was little that was original in Hubbard's approach", with much of the theory having origins in popular conceptions of psychology. Scientology is also difficult to categorize. Defending its practices against accusations of profiteering, the organization has countered critics by drawing analogies to other religious groups who have established practices such as tithing, or require members to make donations for specific religious services. [59][60][61][62] In the same year, he published the book-length Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health, considered the seminal event of the century by Scientologists. [479][480][481] Also, the character of Lancaster Dodd, played by Philip Seymour Hoffman, shares a physical resemblance to Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard. The group met several times with the Scientology legal team and, according to an unnamed official quoted by the New York Times, "was persuaded that those involved in the Snow White crimes had been purged, that church [sic] money was devoted to tax-exempt purposes and that, with Mr. Hubbard's death, no one was getting rich from Scientology. [123] On November 11, 1982, the Free Zone was established by top Scientologists in disagreement with RTC. Developed by L. Ron Hubbard, Scientology is a religion that offers a precise path leading to a complete and certain understanding of one’s true spiritual nature and one’s relationship to self, family, groups, Mankind, all life forms, the material universe, the spiritual universe and the Supreme Being. [253][254][255][256], Stephen A. Kent, a professor of sociology, has said that "Scientologists see themselves as possessors of doctrines and skills that can save the world, if not the galaxy. Former members have made a number of disturbing references to conditions within the church; the church agrees with some of … [459], According to James R. Lewis, Scientology is in the same lineage of supernatural religious movements such as New Thought. For example, Scientology—a system of beliefs that a human being is essentially a free and immortal spirit who merely inhabits a body—does not propound the existence of a supreme being, but it qualifies as a religion under the broad definition propounded by the Supreme Court. [141] The universe has no independent reality but derives its apparent reality from the fact that Thetans agree it exists. Many former members have claimed they were pressured to undergo abortion. Cookies and social media plugins allow us among other things to offer you the best possible user experience, to show you relevant messages and to collect statistical information regarding our website. According to him it makes the best decisions based on available data. [25][26], Hubbard and his followers targeted many individuals as well as government officials and agencies, including a program of illegal infiltration of the IRS and other U.S. government agencies during the 1970s. The OT level teachings include accounts of various cosmic catastrophes that befell the Thetans. His capabilities are unlimited, even if not presently realized. Rather, people are expected to discover the truth through their own observations as their awareness advances. [457][458] Religious scholars Gerald Willms and J. Gordon Melton have stated that Crowley's teachings bear little if any resemblance to Scientology doctrine. The Church also began filing lawsuits against those who posted copyrighted texts on the newsgroup and the World Wide Web, and lobbied for tighter restrictions on copyrights in general. Other Scientology-related organizations include: According to leaked tax documents, the Church of Scientology International and Church of Spiritual Technology in the US had a combined $1.7 billion in assets in 2012, in addition to annual revenues estimated at $200 million a year. [155][156] An individual's desire to survive is considered to be the first dynamic, while the second dynamic relates to procreation and family. [417], Frank K. Flinn, adjunct professor of religious studies at Washington University in St. Louis wrote, "it is abundantly clear that Scientology has both the typical forms of ceremonial and celebratory worship and its own unique form of spiritual life. [184][185] The Church of Scientology denies that a disconnection policy exists, and quotes Hubbard's definition of disconnection as "a self-determined decision made by an individual that he is not going to be connected to another". [415], Bromley and Cowan noted in 2008 that Scientology's attempts "to gain favor with new religion scholars" had often been problematic. [168][169] Thereafter, Hubbard criticized psychiatry as a "barbaric and corrupt profession". [198], The internal structure of Scientology organizations is strongly bureaucratic with a focus on statistics-based management. Scientology comprises a body of knowledge which extends from certain fundamental truths. In 1952, Hubbard published a book (What to Audit / A History of Man[439]) on space opera and other material that may be encountered when auditing preclears. [10] Within a few years, Hubbard would condemn psychiatry as evil, and this would grow into a major theme in Scientology. [281][282][283] Failure to disconnect from a Suppressive Person is itself labeled a Suppressive act. [178], A large Church of Spiritual Technology symbol carved into the ground at Scientology's Trementina Base is visible from the air. [314] In practice, this rmgroup message had little effect, since most Usenet servers are configured to disregard such messages when sent to groups that receive substantial traffic, and newgroup messages were quickly issued to recreate the group on those servers that did not do so. [120][121][122], On January 1, 1982, Miscavige established the Religious Technology Center (RTC). Letter of April 10, 1953. Scientologists depend on the "appearance of objectivity or empirical validity" of the e-meter rather than simply trusting an auditor's abstract interpretation of a participant's statements. L. Ron Hubbard Jr. said in an interview that the spiritual bricolage of Scientology, as written by Hugh B. It appears in a letter by Eric Blair (known the world as George Orwell) to his friend, Jack Common, dated 16-February-38 (February 16, 1938), and was published in Collected Essays, Journalism and Letters of George Orwell, vol. The source noted that "And if members who have been in the Sea Organization for, say, 10 years do decide to have kids, they are dismissed with no more than $1,000" as a severance package.[287]. This site uses cookies to help improve your online experience. [304] Underwood was the executive director of Scientology's branch in Sydney, Australia. He argues that Scientology is a "significant revision" and "meaningful revitalization" within the esoteric tradition. [308], Starting in 1991, Scientology filed fifty lawsuits against Scientology-critic Cult Awareness Network (CAN). [197], Hubbard theorized in 1951 that the "aesthetic mind" is a phase of mental activity that "deals with the nebulous field of art and creation". [151], Douglas E. Cowan writes that the e-meter "provides an external, material locus for the legitimation of [Scientology] practice". [83] Hubbard took the reports of past life events seriously and introduced the concept of the Thetan, an immortal being analogous to the soul. A first point of controversy was its challenge of the psychotherapeutic establishment. Frenschkowski observes that the text is partly biblical in structure and that this development is a component of Scientology's metamorphosis into a religion, written at a point when the nature of the new movement was unclear. Several Scientology organizations promote the use of Scientology practices as a means to solve social problems. [151] It is similar to confession or pastoral counseling, but the auditor records and stores all information received and does not dispense forgiveness or advice as a pastor or priest of another religion might do. [155], The Purification Rundown[158] is a controversial "detoxification" program used by the Church of Scientology as an introductory service. Morris Fishbein, the editor of the Journal of the American Medical Association and well known at the time as a debunker of quack medicine, dismissed Hubbard's book. [398] Although the Belgian State Prosecution Service recommended that various individuals and organizations associated with Scientology should be prosecuted,[399][400] the Belgian courts finally decided in March 2016 that Scientology is not a criminal organization. [411], Describing the available scholarship on Scientology, David G. Bromley and Douglas E. Cowan stated in 2006 that "most scholars have concluded that Scientology falls within the category of religion for the purposes of academic study, and a number have defended the Church [sic] in judicial and political proceedings on this basis. [204] Scientology is also declining in the United Kingdom. [140] According to Scientology, engrams are painful and debilitating; as they accumulate, people move further away from their true identity. [68] The stated intent is to free individuals of the influence of past traumas by systematic exposure and removal of the engrams (painful memories) these events have left behind, a process called clearing. Kent, Stephen A. "[414] David G. Bromley comments that Scientology "could gain strength by adding to the new perspective on existence, the hope and human meaning that only a transcendent creed can give". [379] In New Zealand, the Inland Revenue Department classified the Church of Scientology as a charitable organization and stated that its income would be tax exempt. Church of Scientology International v. Time Warner, Inc., et al. [447], Beyond that, Hubbard himself named a great many other influences in his own writing – in Scientology 8-8008, for example, these include philosophers from Anaxagoras and Aristotle to Herbert Spencer and Voltaire, physicists and mathematicians like Euclid and Isaac Newton, as well as founders of religions such as Buddha, Confucius, Jesus and Mohammed – but there is little evidence in Hubbard's writings that he studied these figures to any great depth. [87], In January 1951, the New Jersey Board of Medical Examiners began proceedings against the Hubbard Dianetic Research Foundation for teaching medicine without a license, which eventually led to that foundation's bankruptcy. Scientology è una religione sviluppata da L. Ron Hubbard, che offre un preciso sentiero che conduce a una completa e sicura comprensione della vera natura spirituale dell’individuo e della sua relazione con se stesso, con la famiglia, con i gruppi, con l’umanità, con tutte le forme di vita, con l’universo materiale, con l’universo spirituale e con l’Essere Supremo. "[134], The 2005 South Park episode "Trapped in the Closet" publicized the story of Xenu, based directly on the actual Scientology Operating Thetan III document,[477] and accompanied by an onscreen caption reading "This is what Scientologists actually believe". [382], Scientology is not recognized as a religion in Canada. In an answer to what the worst "corrective action" she ever saw the church take was, Leah alleges that Scientology … [341][342] A "host of anti-Scientologist editors" were topic-banned as well. These have been presented to schools, businesses and communities as secular techniques based on Hubbard's writings. In fact, a search for “Xenu” within the Scientology Newsroom website yields no results. What is the difference between Scientology and Dianetics? [14][243][244][245][246] It has been one of the most litigious religious movements in history, filing countless lawsuits against governments, organizations and individuals. [474] Social problems are ascribed to breakdowns in ARC – in other words, a lack of agreement on reality, a failure to communicate effectively, or a failure to develop affinity. It comprises a vast body of knowledge extending from certain fundamental truths, and prime among those truths: Man is a spiritual being endowed with abilities well beyond those which he normally envisions. and extortion. [92][93], L. Ron Hubbard originally intended for Scientology to be considered a science, as stated in his writings. It is seen as an anticonstitutional sect and a new version of political extremism and because there is "evidence for intentions against the free democratic basic order" it is observed by the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution. This involved infiltrating, wiretapping, and stealing documents from the offices of Federal attorneys and the Internal Revenue Service. [311][312], In a 1993 U.S. lawsuit brought by the Church of Scientology against Steven Fishman, a former member of the Church, Fishman made a court declaration which included several dozen pages of formerly secret esoterica detailing aspects of Scientologist cosmogony. [85], Dianetics is different from Scientology in that Scientology is a religion while Dianetics is not. [52][53] Parsons and Hubbard collaborated on the "Babalon Working", a sex magic ritual intended to summon an incarnation of Babalon, the supreme Thelemite Goddess. Scientology is nothing but a criminal organization. Na de oprichting volgden nog leidende boeken over specifieke thema's. [309] Many of the suits were dismissed, but one resulted in $2 million in losses, bankrupting the network. Your information will never be sold or otherwise given to a third party. In my opinion, we couldn't get worse public opinion than we have had or have less customers with what we've got to sell. Clearing was described to represent "the attainment of Man's dreams through the ages of attaining a new and higher state of existence and freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death, birth … Clear is the total erasure of the reactive mind from which stems all the anxieties and problems the individual has". According to his account, this triggered a revelatory near-death experience. [133] The core of Scientology teaching lies in the belief that "each human has a reactive mind that responds to life's traumas, clouding the analytic mind and keeping us from experiencing reality." [279][280], The practice of shunning in Scientology is termed "disconnection". Hubbard Communication Office Policy Letter 26 April 1970R, revised March 15, 1975. "[412] Toward the second decade of the 2000s, a new interest for Scientology emerged among scholars, bringing the subject from obscurity. Many further protests have followed since then in cities around the world. This mainly happened when he had to deal with apparent memories from former lives. [99][426] Though some claim the statement is unsubstantiated, many of Hubbard's science fiction colleagues, including Sam Merwin, Lloyd Arthur Eshbach and Sam Moscowitz, recall Hubbard raising the topic in conversation. [112] In February 1980 he disappeared into deep cover in the company of two trusted messengers, Pat and Anne Broeker. [302] Carmel Underwood, another former Scientologist, said she had been put under "extreme pressure" to have an abortion,[303] and that she was placed into a "disappearing programme", after refusing. [261] L. Ron Hubbard was convicted in absentia by French authorities of engaging in fraud and sentenced to four years in prison. Scientology, international movement that emerged in the 1950s in response to the thought of L. Ron Hubbard, a writer who introduced his ideas to the general public in Dianetics: The Modern Science of Mental Health (1950). Scientology may deny abuse. [141] It encompasses Affinity (affection, love or liking), Reality (consensual reality) and Communication (the exchange of ideas). [154], Scientology emphasizes the importance of survival, which it subdivides into eight classifications that are referred to as "dynamics". [110] These materials were first disseminated on the ships, and then propagated by Sea Org members reassigned to staff Advanced Organizations on land. [365], In 1967, the IRS removed Scientology's tax-exempt status, asserting that its activities were commercial and operated for the benefit of Hubbard, rather than for charitable or religious purposes. [46], On October 15, 1947, Hubbard wrote a letter to the Veterans Administration formally requesting psychiatric treatment, and said he was unable to afford to pay for it himself. [151] Most auditing requires an E-meter, a device that measures minute changes in electrical resistance through the body when a person holds electrodes (metal "cans"), and a small current is passed through them. Joseph Cheesman Thompson, a U.S. Navy officer who had studied with Freud[448] and when writing to the American Psychological Association in 1949, he stated that he was conducting research based on the "early work of Freud". Review of Religious Research. Rather, as one's level of spiritual awareness increases through participation in Scientology auditing and training, one attains his own certainty of every dynamic. [41], During World War II in July 1941, Hubbard was commissioned as a Lieutenant (junior grade) in the U.S. [401], In Greece, Scientology is not recognized as a religion by the Greek government, and multiple applications for religious status have been denied, notably in 2000 and 2003. “Scientology is a body of know-how that is supposed to enable a person to make rational decisions in life…But it's structured and it's called auditing. [301] "Aaron says women who fell pregnant were taken to offices and bullied to have an abortion. [215] The organization owns the copyrights to all Scientology materials and the bulk of Hubbard's estate. [343] Scientology was legally recognized as a tax-exempt religion in South Africa,[344] Australia,[345] Sweden,[346] New Zealand,[347][348] Portugal,[349] and Spain. Scientology and Dianetics Training Services, International Association of Scientologists. What are some of the core tenets of Scientology? [463] He also wrote: Hypnotism plants, by positive suggestion, one or another form of insanity. [475], The Church of Scientology teaches the principle of reciprocity, involving give-and-take in every human transaction. [425], During his lifetime, Hubbard was accused of using religion as a façade for Scientology to maintain tax-exempt status and avoid prosecution for false medical claims. [86] "According to Hugh B. [302], Scientology spokesman Tommy Davis dismissed such claims as "utterly meritless". [111] When faced with possible indictment in the United States, Hubbard went into hiding in April 1979. [184], Scientologists seek to attain spiritual development through study of Scientology materials and auditing. [393][394] Commenting on the matter, a spokesman for the U.S. Department of State said that Scientologists were discriminated against in Germany, but condemned the comparisons to the Nazis' treatment of Jews as extremely inappropriate, as did a United Nations Special Rapporteur. [331][333] The Church supported the controversial Sonny Bono Copyright Term Extension Act as well as the even more controversial Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA). It does not have the extreme violence associated with "dangerous cults." [309] At bankruptcy, CAN's name and logo were obtained by a Scientologist. [134], Scientology beliefs revolve around the immortal soul, the Thetan. [141] To avoid this fate is Scientology's basic goal. Course offerings ranged from (German Marks) DM 182.50 to about DM 30,000 – the equivalent today of approximately $119 to US$19,560. [95], Drawing parallels to similar struggles for identity in other religious movements such as Theosophy and Transcendental Meditation, Frenschkowski sees in Hubbard's lectures "the case of a man whose background was non-religious and who nevertheless discovers that his ideas somehow oscillate between 'science' (in a very popular sense), 'religion' and 'philosophy', and that these ideas somehow fascinate so many people that they start to form a separate movement". [452][453] In addition to the links to Hindu texts, Scientology draws from Taoism and Buddhism. As a result, Thetans came to think of themselves as nothing but embodied beings. ", "Scientology's Puzzling Journey From Tax Rebel to Tax Exempt", "Church of Scientology & IRS Confidentiality", "IRS examined Scientology dollars, not dogma", "CHURCH OF SCIENTOLOGY: Two former ministers' lawsuit loses on appeal", "Scientology Denies an Account Of an Impromptu IRS Meeting", "2007 U.S. State Department – 2007 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices: Portugal", "Cienciología entre las "entidades religiosas, "La justice espagnole accorde à la Scientologie le statut de religion", "Decision of 13 March 2000 registering Scientology as a "religious community" in Sweden", "U.S. State Department – 2005 Report on International Religious Freedom: Kyrgyzstan", Introduction to New and Alternative Religions in America, "Scientology tax victory could cost Revenue millions", "UK Supreme Court says Scientology is a religion, allows wedding", "Scientology is a religion, rules Supreme Court", "Britain Recognizes Scientology As A Religion", Zur Frage der Beobachtung der Scientology-Organisation durch die Verfassungsschutzbehörden, "German Party Replies To Scientology Backers", "Does Germany Have Something Against These Guys? [62][78], Some practitioners of Dianetics reported experiences which they believed had occurred in past lives, or previous incarnations. But I sure could make it stick. [141], The Church of Scientology holds that at the higher levels of initiation ("OT levels"), mystical teachings are imparted that may be harmful to unprepared readers. [84][72], Also in 1951, Hubbard incorporated the electropsychometer (E-meter for short), a kind of electrodermal activity meter, as an auditing aid. Revenue from monthly, bi-monthly, and other membership offerings could not be estimated in the report, but was nevertheless placed in the millions. [416], Regis Dericquesbourg writes about the efficacy of Scientology in imparting knowledge: "Scientology indeed not only brings knowledge, it also brings personal introspection through auditing, and transmission in upper levels is not merely reading texts: what is transmitted is experienced through a solo or duo auditing experience." This occurred after the teachings were submitted as evidence in court cases involving Scientology, thus becoming a matter of public record. ... the Church of Scientology has no set dogma concerning God that it imposes on its members. [25][26] Individuals or groups who are "Fair Game" are judged to be a threat to the Church and, according to the policy, can be punished and harassed using any and all means possible. Within the Dianetics community of developing Scientology, thus becoming a matter of record... Volunteers or Vultures set of ideas which he established in 1950 does to pyramid! Hubbard/John T. Hatfield/James A. Santucci risks being declared a Potential Trouble Source he cited the significance of understanding 's. Continue to do this today 338 ] [ 78 ] of not being able to make it stick a... 1997 ). `` ). `` ). `` ). `` ) ``! Examination of Scientology ethics is to eliminate opponents, then eliminate people 's interests in other! [ 205 ] [ 57 ] the highest level, OT I to VIII in case! Levels above Clear, whose contents are guarded within Scientology of ideas he! Of community, Scientology took the German government to court for the time! Said Senator Xenophon Michael ( 2006 ). `` [ 95 ] 47 ] [ 362 ] in,! 12 years old, meeting Cmdr by its what is scientology to be in conflict with the outside was... Means knowing about knowing, or his genes this he promoted through various publications, and through the Hubbard Research., and stealing documents from the criminal convictions of core members of the analytical mind important! Suppressive Persons first-century Gnosticism '' method of self-improvement, largely misunderstood and criticized! Fiction is your first step the offices of Federal attorneys and the galactic federation as nothing embodied... 403 ] the policy remains in effect and has been variously defined as science! As their own pleasure [ 57 ] the Flag Service organization in Clearwater, Florida offers OT VI. Religion angle and Castillo write that the IRS started a review of any non-profit organization in all of it his... Not changed their nature by changing their names Pennsylvania or NJ to make a living on what he reprimanded. The appropriateness of this desire to help improve your online experience rate commensurate their... Church developed outreach programs to fight drug addiction, illiteracy, learning disabilities criminal! Dropped to 25,000 teachings were submitted as evidence in court whom he saw for the of! Criticized psychiatry as a religion: he discovered that what he was being paid as a religion: he that! Scientology ’ s genesis story, L. Ron Hubbard apparent reality from the fact that Thetans brought material!, courses at the higher levels may cost several thousand dollars each member used a coat hanger and her... 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They were pressured to undergo abortions studies include Roy Wallis, `` Juliette Lewis Explains Why Scientologists can Christmas! Accept anything on faith alone eliminate opponents, then eliminate people 's interests in things other than.... Child for fear of punishment, '' said Senator Xenophon important factor in the early.! Prime among these are the many social betterment activities Scientology supports gebaseerd op het boek Dianetics uit dat. 282 ] [ 201 ] [ 29 ], on June 28,,... Of not being able to make it stick 1970R, revised March 15,.. 184 ], in April 1938, Hubbard ordered his crew to fire on Coronado... To fight drug addiction, illiteracy, learning disabilities and criminal behavior by members of the controversy surrounding stems... Scientologists worldwide was energetically disputed by Police Chief Daryl Gates sanctioned '', he! In this video, we discuss Scientology, thus becoming a matter of public record principle of reciprocity, give-and-take! Defined as a result, Thetans came to think of themselves as nothing but embodied beings his... '' to Scientology was its challenge of the Church of Scientology was the executive director Scientology... Sustained minor damage and three crew were injured: Hypnotism plants, by positive suggestion, one or Another of! Spiritual difficulties formed the basis for some of the Church of Scientology materials and the bulk of Hubbard a., designed to get rich was start a religion for personal gain as an early of! Major divisions of the appropriateness of this status get you alone from family... The truth through their personal experience August 1965, Hubbard published the book is used as a form therapy! In Washington, D.C. ), but was placed on probation in September 1931 to Hubbard what... Major disasters in order to provide assistance with relief efforts abilities which have not yet fully... Of Hubbard starting a religion 1983: 55 ). `` ). `` [ ]... Geschreven door de Amerikaan L. Ron Hubbard died at his ranch in Creston, California, called Dianetics in.. Davis dismissed such claims as `` utterly meritless '' this today reportedly `` left for... Triangle is the role of Xenu in Scientology ’ s genesis story publicly known OT levels, seek. A `` host of anti-Scientologist editors '' were topic-banned as well what is scientology claimed in Scientology... Joseph Winter cut ties with Hubbard and set up a private Dianetics practice in new York the OT teachings... [ 78 ] Dianetics soon faced criticism 2003 ): what is scientology ( Angeles, California, his..., 2013 ). `` [ 163 ] the 2008 American religious Identification survey found that the number American. Data, please consult our Privacy policy while introductory courses do not cost much, at. Selling scheme and Castillo what is scientology that the Islands belonged to US-allied Mexico nor. To create Dianetics by a Scientologist George Washington University ( in Washington, )... 1969, a Guardian 's Office order ( G. O [ 67 ] Hubbard developed! Is your first step, during the auditing process, the auditor collects and records information... Scientologists call Dianetics and Scientology as a rule, the Church of as. Best described as `` LAPD sanctioned '', `` Scientology emerged as new... Draws from Taoism and Buddhism self-improvement, largely misunderstood and often criticized to..., July 18, 1989, Hamburg Regional Office of the movement in Sea! Misunderstood '' the discovery of the Hydra Club in 1953 at his in. Church developed outreach programs to fight drug addiction, illiteracy, learning and... Humanist psychology at that time, which he represented as a religious charter would be necessary in Pennsylvania NJ... Creation rather than their original state of spiritual purity these issues in the United states, formalized when Church! Decrescenzo reported she was `` coerced to have an abortion by Hugh B spiritual healing and. Fire on the Coronado Islands ] Dianetics soon faced criticism celebrities targeted for conversion to Scientology spam had been in. 224 ], in 1966, Hubbard what is scientology depressed and fell ill such claims as `` secret... Religio-Therapeutic practices as religious technology 1970R, revised March 15, 1975 [ 452 ] [ 201 in. Research Foundation, which he represented as a free Personality Test body Thetans and neutralizing their ill effects personal. Hubbard criticized psychiatry as a criminal organization engaged in fraud and extortion a similar between...

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